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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Oct 30;188(2):571-7.

Detection of topoisomerase I gene point mutation in CPT-11 resistant lung cancer cell line.

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  • 1Pharmacology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.


CPT-11, a recently developed topoisomerase I (Topo I) inhibitor, attracts the attention not only of basic researchers but also of clinicians because of its high antitumor activity. The CPT-11 resistant human lung cancer cell line, PC-7/CPT, showed 10-fold resistance compared to parental cell line, PC-7. The total activity of Topo I in the resistant cell line was one fourth that of the parental sensitive cell line. The Topo I from the resistant cells was also 5-fold more resistant to the inhibitory effect of CPT-11 than that of the parental cells. We speculated that the alteration of the Topo I gene may be responsible for the change in topoisomerase activity of the CPT-11 resistant cell line. Therefore, we analyzed the mutation of Topo I gene using the method of single strand conformation polymorphism of polymerase chain reaction and the reverse transcriptase. We divided Topo I cDNA into ten fragments which overlapped each other and covered whole coding sequences of the Topo I cDNA. We observed mobility shift of two fragments in the PC-7/CPT, suggesting the presence of some mutations in these fragments. We performed the direct-sequencing of these portions by the dideoxy chain termination method and observed an altered sequence having a G to A base change in PC-7/CPT. This base substitution results in replacement of the conserved threonine at 729 position with alanine. These results suggest that the point mutation of Topo I gene is related to the decreases of Topo I activity and the sensitivity to Topo I inhibitor in PC-7/CPT cells.

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