Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biophys J. 1992 Jul;63(1):224-34.

Excitation-contraction coupling in intact frog skeletal muscle fibers injected with mmolar concentrations of fura-2.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104-6085.


Experiments were carried out to test the hypothesis that mM concentrations of fura-2, a high-affinity Ca2+ buffer, inhibit the release of Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of skeletal muscle fibers. Intact twitch fibers from frog muscle, stretched to a long sarcomere length and pressure-injected with fura-2, were activated by an action potential. Fura-2's absorbance and fluorescence signals were measured at different distances from the site of fura-2 injection; thus, the myoplasmic free Ca2+ transient (delta [Ca2+]) and the amount and rate of SR Ca2+ release could be estimated at different myoplasmic concentrations of fura-2 ([fura-2T]). At [fura-2T] = 2-3 mM, the amplitude and half-width of delta [Ca2+] were reduced to approximately 25% of the values measured at [fura-2T] less than 0.15 mM, whereas the amount and rate of SR Ca2+ release were enhanced by approximately 50% (n = 5; 16 degrees C). Similar results were observed in experiments carried out at low temperature (n = 2; 8.5-10.5 degrees C). The finding of an enhanced rate of Ca2+ release at 2-3 mM [fura-2T] is opposite to that reported by Jacquemond et al. (Jacquemond, V., L. Csernoch, M. G. Klein, and M. F. Schneider. 1991. Biophys. J. 60:867-873) from analogous experiments carried out on cut fibers. In two experiments involving the injection of larger amounts of fura-2, reductions in SR Ca2+ release were observed; however, we were unable to decide whether these reductions were due to [fura-2T] or to some nonspecific effect of the injection itself. These experiments do, however, suggest that if large [fura-2T] inhibits SR Ca2+ release in intact fibers, [fura-2T] must exceed 6 mM to produce an effect comparable to that reported by Jacquemond et al. in cut fibers. Our clear experimental result that 2-3 mM [fura-2T] enhances SR Ca2+ release supports the proposal that delta [Ca2+] triggered by an action potential normally feeds back to inhibit further release of Ca2+ from the SR (Baylor, S.M., and S. Hollingworth. 1988. J. Physiol. [Lond.]. 403:151-192). Our results provide no support for the hypothesis that Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release plays a significant role in excitation-contraction coupling in amphibian skeletal muscle.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk