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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Sep;146(3):707-10.

Prognostic significance of tumor proliferative fraction and DNA content in stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

Analyses of tumor DNA content and proliferative fraction by flow cytometry have been useful as prognostic determinants in a variety of solid tumors. The significance of this analysis in Stage I (T1N0M0 and T2N0M0) non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCC) is unestablished. We determined DNA content (ploidy) and proliferative fraction (percentage S phase) on 44 surgically resected Stage I NSCC specimens obtained between 1977 and 1982. All cases had a minimum follow-up of 5 yr. Of the 44 cases, 27 were adenocarcinomas, 15 squamous cell carcinomas, and 2 large cell carcinomas. Of these, 32 (73%) had T1N0M0 lesions and 12 (27%) had T2N0M0 lesions. Overall 5-yr survival was 70%. All patients surviving 5 yr were free of detectable tumor. Patients with T1N0M0 lesions had an 81% 5-yr survival, but those with T2N0M0 lesions had a 42% 5-yr survival (p = 0.009). Analysis of tumor DNA content revealed 35 diploid tumors (79%) and 9 aneuploid tumors (21%). The 5-yr survival for diploid tumors was 77% compared with a 44% 5-yr survival in aneuploid lesions (p = 0.048). The median proliferative fraction was 6%. All patients with a percentage S phase less than 6% survived 5 yr, and 41% (9 of 22) of those greater than 6% survived 5 yr (p less than 0.001). When 8% S phase was used as a cutoff, 93% (28 of 30) below the cutoff survived 5 yr but only 21% (3 of 14) above the cutoff survived 5 yr (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1325749
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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