Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 1992 Sep 5;267(25):18073-9.

Ultrastructure and pyruvate formate-lyase radical quenching property of the multienzymic AdhE protein of Escherichia coli.

Author information

  • 1Institut für Biologische Chemie, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany.


The AdhE protein of Escherichia coli is a homopolymer of 96-kDa subunits harboring three Fe(2+)-dependent catalytic functions: acetaldehyde-CoA dehydrogenase, alcohol dehydrogenase, and pyruvate formatelyase (PFL) deactivase. By negative staining electron microscopy, we determined a helical assembly of 20-60 subunits into rods of 45-120 nm in length. The subunit packing is widened along the helix axis when Fe2+ and NAD are present. Chymotrypsin dissects the AdhE polypeptide between Phe762 and Ser763, thereby retaining the alcohol dehydrogenase activity on the NH2-terminal core, but destroying all other activities. PFL deactivation, i.e. quenching of the glycyl radical in PFL by the AdhE protein, was examined with respect to cofactor involvements (Fe2+, NAD, and CoA). This process is coupled to NAD reduction and requires the intact CoA sulfhydryl group. Pyruvate and NADH are inhibitors that affect the steady-state level of the radical form of PFL in a reconstituted interconversion cycle. Studies of cell cultures found that PFL deactivation in situ is initiated at redox potentials of greater than or equal to +100 mV. Our results provide insights into the structure/function organization of the AdhE multienzyme and give a rationale for how its PFL radical quenching activity may be suppressed in situ to enable effective glucose fermentation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk