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J Biol Chem. 1992 Jul 5;267(19):13466-71.

Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinases Ia and Ib from rat brain. II. Enzymatic characteristics and regulation of activities by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo 14214.


In addition to physical properties (DeRemer, M. F., Saeli, R. J., and Edelman, A. M. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 13460-13465), enzymatic and regulatory characteristics indicate that calmodulin (CaM) kinase Ia and CaM kinase Ib are distinct entities. The Km values for ATP and site 1 peptide were similar between the two kinases, however, CaM kinase Ib is approximately 20-fold more sensitive to CaM than is CaM kinase Ia. The kinases also displayed differential sensitivities to divalent metal ions. For both kinases, site 1 peptide, synapsin I, and syntide-2 were highly preferred substrates relative to others tested. A 72-kDa protein from a heat-treated extract of rat pancreas was phosphorylated by CaM kinase Ib but not by CaM kinase Ia. CaM kinase Ia activity displayed a pronounced lag in its time course suggesting enzyme activation over time. Preincubation of CaM kinase Ia in the combined presence of Ca(2+)-CaM and MgATP led to a time-dependent increase in its site 1 peptide kinase activity of up to 15-fold. The extent of activation of CaM kinase Ia correlated with the extent of autophosphorylation. The enzyme retained full Ca(2+)-CaM dependence in the activated state which was rapidly reversible by treatment with protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit. Thus, the activation of CaM kinase Ia is a result of its Ca(2+)-CaM-dependent autophosphorylation. CaM kinase Ib was not activated by preincubation under autophosphorylating conditions yet lost approximately 90% of its activity toward either an exogenous substrate (site 1 peptide) or itself (autophosphorylation) after incubation with protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit. The deactivated state was not reversed by subsequent incubations under autophosphorylating conditions. Thus, CaM kinase Ib activity is dependent upon phosphorylation by a regulating kinase(s) which is resolved from CaM kinase Ib during purification of the latter.

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