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Doc Ophthalmol. 1992;82(3):239-48.

Binocular contrast summation and inhibition in amblyopia. The influence of the interocular difference on binocular contrast sensitivity.

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  • 1Postgraduate School of Studies in Optometry, University of Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK.


The monocular contrast sensitivity loss in amblyopia is well documented. We investigated the influence of interocular sensitivity difference on binocular contrast sensitivity in amblyopia. Monocular and binocular contrast sensitivity functions of six amblyopes (three strabismic and three anisometropic) were measured. The monocular contrast sensitivity loss depended on the type of amblyope. Anisometropic amblyopes generally showed high frequency losses. Strabismic amblyopes showed losses at both low and high spatial frequencies. Binocular performance was assessed in terms of binocular ratios (binocular/non-amblyopic). A binocular ratio greater than 1 indicates binocular summation (binocular > monocular) while a ratio less than 1 shows binocular inhibition (binocular < monocular). In all subjects, the binocular ratio depended on the difference between the amblyopic and the non-amblyopic eye. Minimal interocular difference produced binocular summation, the magnitude of which decreased as the difference between the two eyes increased. Further increases in the monocular difference produced binocular inhibition. Anisometropic amblyopes showed a greater degree of binocular summation at low spatial frequencies compared to strabismic amblyopes. Both types of amblyopes showed binocular inhibition at high spatial frequencies. Clinical implications of binocular summation and inhibition in amblyopia are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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