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Radiother Oncol. 2003 Aug;68(2):163-70.

Induction chemotherapy with paclitaxel and cisplatin and CT-based 3D radiotherapy in patients with advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas--a possibility for organ preservation.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str.11, 97080 Wuerzburg, Germany. pfreundner@strahlentherapie.uni-wuerzburg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To evaluate the effect of paclitaxel/cisplatin induction chemotherapy (ICHT) and CT-based radiotherapy (RT) on larynx preservation, tumor control, and survival in patients with larynx/hypopharynx carcinoma eligible for total laryngectomy (TL) or TL plus partial pharyngectomy (TLPP).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Fifty patients eligible for TL or TLPP were enrolled onto a prospective study and treated with ICHT (200 mg/m(2) paclitaxel, 100 mg/m(2) cisplatin; day 1, 22). In patients with complete or partial tumor response RT (69.9 Gy in 5.5 weeks at the gross tumor, 50.4 Gy in the lymphatic drainage; single dose: 1.8 Gy, concomitant boost: 1.5 Gy) was applied. Non-responders had TL/TLPP and RT with total doses adapted to the radicality of tumor resection (56-70 Gy).

RESULTS:

The response rate to ICHT was 88% (10% complete, 78% partial response). At a median follow-up period of 25 months the larynx preservation rate was 84%. The 2-year local-regional control rate was 91% and the 2-year overall survival rate was 72.3%. The 3-year estimate to survive with functional larynx is 60%.

CONCLUSION:

In a large portion of patients eligible for TL or TLPP the larynx was preserved by paclitaxel/cisplatin ICHT and 3D RT.

PMID:
12972311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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