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Quality of life and functional status of patients with hip fractures in Thailand.

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  • 1Community Medicine Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

Measurement of quality of life and functional status provides important additional information for priority setting in health policy formulation and resource allocation. Hip fracture has been a concern in health planning in developing countries due to an increasing trend, as reported in several studies. Ironically, in developing countries, studies of the impacts of hip fracture on quality of life and functional status are rare. This prompted our team to seek evidence of the impacts using a longitudinal follow-up approach in a Thai setting. In this study, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before and after hip fractures was evaluated in 250 Thai patients. Measurement of HRQOL was based on a modified SF-12 questionnaire, which was developed with a realization of the following demands: 1) cultural sensitivity of measurement tools; 2) disease-specific HRQOL measurement and 3) feasibility of conducting field work. Functional status was measured using an adapted version of the Index of Activity of Daily Living (ADL), which was previously developed in another setting in Thailand. Mild, moderate and severe deficits in quality of life were found in 36%, 60%, and 4% respectively, of surviving patients. The number of patients with physical functioning dependency, as measured by the ADL, also increased significantly in all 10 activities assessed. Comorbidities were associated with deficits in health-related quality of life but age, sex, income, education level, and surgery were not. Our findings indicate that hip fracture could lead to crippling consequences, with a pronounced effect on the quality of life of Thai patients. Further studies using control groups and longitudinal design are needed to validate the results of this study.

PMID:
12971576
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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