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EMBO J. 2003 Sep 15;22(18):4826-35.

A novel eukaryotic factor for cytosolic Fe-S cluster assembly.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


Iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) is regulated through the assembly/disassembly of a [4Fe-4S] cluster, which interconverts IRP1 with cytosolic aconitase. A genetic screen to isolate Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains bearing mutations in genes required for the conversion of IRP1 to c-aconitase led to the identification of a previously uncharacterized, essential gene, which we call CFD1 (cytosolic Fe-S cluster deficient). CFD1 encodes a highly conserved, putative P-loop ATPase. A non-lethal mutation of CFD1 (cfd1-1) reduced c-aconitase specific activity in IRP1-transformed yeast by >90%, although IRP1 in these cells could be readily converted to c-aconitase in vitro upon incubation with iron alone. IRP1-transformed cfd1-1 yeast lacked EPR-detectable Fe-S clusters in c-aconitase, pointing to a defect in Fe-S cluster assembly. The specific activity of another cytosolic Fe-S protein, Leu1p, was also inhibited by >90% in cfd1-1 yeast, whereas activity of mitochondrial Fe-S proteins was not inhibited. Consistent with a cytosolic site of activity, Cfd1p was localized in the cytoplasm. To our knowledge, Cfd1p is the first cytoplasmic Fe-S cluster assembly factor described in eukaryotes.

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