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[The genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and an assessment of risk factors of tuberculosis spread in Russia's Siberian region by molecular epidemiological methods].

[Article in Russian]

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  • 1Novosibirsk Research Institute for Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberia Branch, Novosibirsk, 630090, Lavrentyev Avenue, 8, Russia.


Molecular epidemiology approaches provided for a new interpretation of the TB infection transmission dynamics, contributed to changing the focuses of attention and updated the monitoring practice. On the basis of 101 cases of isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MBT) complex sampled from 84 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in the Siberian region, we proved that the independent methods of IS6110 RFLP genetic typing and VNTR-typing by five accurate repeat tandems of ETR A, B, C, D, and E bring about similar results and can be used in studying the MTB clonal structure population in the Siberian region for the purpose of defining the TB infection transmission dynamics. The most widespread genetic types were detected, i.e. Beeijing family strains, the S42 spoligotype, and the 31323 VNTR type, which account for 52.3% of all samples. The general parameters describing the epidemic process intensity were evaluated, i.e. those characterizing the strains (91.6%) and the transmission activity factor (72%). Consequently, each three of the four analyzed TB cases resulted from a recent transmission. However, there is a trend, within the analyzed samples, towards a higher percentage of clusterization in the age group ranging from 40 to 60. Such trend is typical of a prevalence of TB reactivation cases caused by MBT complex strains spread intensively in the discussed territory. As for the clusterized isolates, which are endemic for the territory, such data should be interpreted as a recent transmission only cautiously. 28.5% of the studied isolates are resistant to anti-TB drugs used in medical practice; and 35.7% of them are resistant to izoniazide and rifampicin, therefore, according to the WHO classification they are considered to be poly-antibiotics-resistant (PAR). No strict associations were found between the spectrum of antibiotics-resistance and any of genotypes, however, 30% of PAR strains are 32525 and 42525 types VNTR (spoligotype S1 or Beejing type).

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