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Food Chem Toxicol. 2003 Nov;41(11):1551-9.

Effect of acute and chronic moderate alcohol consumption on fasted and postprandial lipemia in the rat.

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  • 1School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Division, Biology Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon.

Abstract

Effects of acute and chronic alcohol intake on fasted and postprandial lipemia in the rat model are reported. In the acute study, fasted rats are loaded with a 30% w/w olive oil emulsion with or without 8% alcohol in the form of ethanol, beer or whisky. After 3 h, either mesenteric lymph or blood is collected and the TAG-rich lipoprotein fractions are isolated. In the chronic study, animals received, for a period of 10 weeks, 3% alcohol in drinking water in the form of ethanol, beer or whisky. Blood samples were collected from animals in either the fasted state or after being loaded with the fat load as described above. Alcohol ingestion along with a fat load increases the number (increased net apoB48 secretion) and reduces the size (reduced TAG/apoB48 ratio) of CM secreted into the mesenteric lymph duct. It also delays gastric emptying, reduces trans-enterocyte TAG flux rates and increases plasma concentrations of TAG, cholesterol and CM. Similar conditions also results in increased total phospholipid and cholesterol content of CM but not of VLDL, indicating an enhanced liver bile secretion into the gut; however, a significant increase in plasma VLDL concentration is observed. Unlike the acute study, an alcohol-fat load in animals put on chronic alcohol intake results in increased HDL cholesterol concentrations and less pronounced postprandial hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia but not hyperchylomicronemia. In the fasted state, plasma TAG and total apoB concentrations are not modified in these animals, and an increase in HDL and a decrease in total and LDL cholesterol concentrations are observed. No liver function impairment is observed following the 10-week period of chronic alcohol intake. In conclusion, unlike binge drinking, chronic moderate alcohol consumption appears to have a cardioprotective effect in the fasted state, an effect attenuated by the observed temporary postprandial hyperchylomicronemia and hypertriglyceridemia resulting from a direct effect of alcohol on CM size and number.

PMID:
12963008
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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