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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Oct;307(1):74-82. Epub 2003 Sep 3.

Edaravone, a novel free radical scavenger, prevents liver injury and mortality in rats administered endotoxin.

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  • 1First Department of Surgery, University of Yamanashi, Tamaho, Nakakoma, Japan. hkouno@res.yamanashi-med.ac.jp

Abstract

We postulated that a novel free radical scavenger, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (edaravone; EDA), would attenuate inflammatory cytokine and chemokine expression in the liver after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge through its antioxidant effect. Rats were administered EDA (0.3, 1.5, 3.0, 6.0, and 12.0 mg/kg) or the same volume of saline intravenously just after LPS (10 mg/kg) injection and then was continued intermittently every 2 h (five administrations in total). Survival was assessed for the next 24 h. In separate experiments, rats were sacrificed at 60 min, 90 min, 6 h, and 9 h after LPS injection. Serum and liver sections were collected for further analysis. Survival was improved by EDA in a dose-dependent manner up to 3 mg/kg, and maximum effects were observed at a dose of 3 mg/kg. After LPS injection, alanine aminotransferase levels increased significantly to about 1,250 IU/l in the vehicle-treated group, whereas values were blunted by about 80% by EDA. Furthermore, increases in 4-hydroxynonenal-modified proteins were also blunted in the liver by EDA. Moreover, mRNA expressions of macrophage infiltrating protein-2, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and MCP-5 were attenuated by EDA. As a result, increases in the number of infiltrating inflammatory cells and mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 were significantly blunted in the liver by EDA. This reduction was accompanied by a significant reduction of their serum levels. In conclusion, EDA prevented liver injury by both inhibition of recruitments of inflammatory cells and expression of inflammatory cytokine levels in the liver.

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