Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chem Biol. 2003 Aug;10(8):743-50.

Quorum sensing in Candida albicans: probing farnesol's mode of action with 40 natural and synthetic farnesol analogs.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA.


The dimorphic fungus Candida albicans produces extracellular farnesol (3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatriene-1-ol) which acts as a quorum-sensing molecule (QSM) to suppress filamentation. Of four possible geometric isomers of farnesol, only the E,E isomer possesses QSM activity. We tested 40 natural and synthetic analogs of farnesol for their activity in an N-acetylglucosamine-induced differentiation assay for germ tube formation (GTF). Modified structural features include the head group, chain length, presence or absence of the three double bonds, substitution of a backbone carbon by S, O, N, and Se heteroatoms, presence or absence of a 3-methyl branch, and the bulkiness of the hydrophobic tail. Of the 40 compounds, 22 showed QSM activity by their ability to reduce GTF by 50%. However, even the most active of the analogs tested had only 7.3% of the activity of E,E-farnesol. Structure-activity relationships were examined in terms of the likely presence in C. albicans of a farnesol binding receptor protein.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk