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Immunobiology. 2003;207(4):285-94.

Mutations of CD40 ligand in two patients with hyper-IgM syndrome.

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  • 1Departmento de Pediatría, Obstetricia y Ginecología, Facultad de Medicina, Valencia, Spain.


Two patients with the X-linked form of the hyper-IgM syndrome have been studied. Both patients present: 1. Mutations in the CD40L gene (a nonsense point mutation that introduces a termination codon at the extracellular domain of the protein, and a deletion that eliminates exon 4 as consequence of an abnormal splicing). 2. Lack of CD40L expression on the lymphocyte surface after stimulation with ionomycin and PMA. 3. Altered lymphocytic proliferation in response to anti-CD3. 4. Hyper IgM, low IgG and IgA levels and neutropenia. One of the patients shows, in addition, low Natural Killer cell numbers and severe herpetic infections, which distinguishes this case from the common hyper-IgM syndrome phenotype. Finally, a hyper-IgM stable phenotype has been immortalized by Herpes virus Saimiri for the first time.

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