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Org Biomol Chem. 2003 Aug 7;1(15):2744-7.

Binary organogelators which show light and temperature responsiveness.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8581, Japan.


The gelation ability of 10 alkylammonium (CnH(2n+1)NH3+ where n=4-11, 12 and 16) anthracene-9-carboxylates (1n) has been evaluated. In cyclohexane, 1(4), 1(5), 1(6) and 1(7) only provided precipitates whereas 1(11), 1(12) and 1(16) provided very viscous solutions. In contrast, 1(8) 1(9) and 1(10) resulted in gels. The critical gelation concentration of 1(10) was very low (5.0 x 10(-4) mol dm(-3)). SEM observations showed that in the gel phase the morphology changes from straight fibrils to frizzy fibrils with the increase in n, whereas in the sol phase the formation of the sheet-like, two-dimensional aggregate is recognized. When the cyclohexane 1(10) gel was photoirradiated (lambda > 300 nm), the UV-VIS absorption bands assignable to monomeric anthracene were decreased and the gel was changed into the sol. It was confirmed by dark-field optical microscopy that the fibrillar bundles supporting the gel formation gradually disappear with photoirradiation time. When this sol was warmed at 30 degrees C in the dark, the gel was not regenerated but the precipitation of 1(10) resulted. When this sol was heated once at the bp of cyclohexane and cooled to 15 degrees C, the solution was changed into the gel again. This finding indicates that the fibrillar structure required for the gel formation is not reconstructed at 30 degrees C but obtained only when the hot cyclohexane solution is cooled.

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