Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below

Chloride channel in vanadocytes of a vanadium-rich ascidian Ascidia sydneiensis samea.

Author information

  • 1Marine Biological Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Mukaishima-cho 2445, Hiroshima 722-0073, Japan.


Ascidians, so-called sea squirts, can accumulate high levels of vanadium in the vacuoles of signet ring cells, which are one type of ascidian blood cell and are also called vanadocytes. In addition to containing high concentrations of vanadium in the +3 oxidation state, the proton concentrations in vanadocyte vacuoles are extremely high. In order to elucidate the entire mechanism of the accumulation and reduction of vanadium by ascidian vanadocytes, it is necessary to clarify the participation of anions, which might be involved as counter ions in the active accumulation of both vanadium and protons. We examined the chloride channel, since chloride ions are necessary for the acidification of intracellular vesicles and coexist with H(+)-ATPase. We cloned a cDNA encoding a chloride channel from blood cells of a vanadium-rich ascidian, Ascidia sydneiensis samea. It encoded a 787-amino-acid protein, which showed striking similarity to mammalian ClC3/4/5-type chloride channels. Using a whole-mount in situ hybridization method that we developed for ascidian blood cells, the chloride channel was revealed to be transcribed in vanadocytes, suggesting its participation in the process of vanadium accumulation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk