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Gas-phase basicity of glycine, alanine, proline, serine, lysine, histidine and some of their peptides by the thermokinetic method.

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  • 1Laboratoire des Mécanismes Réactionnels, UMR CNRS 7651, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France.


The thermokinetic method is applied to a set of six amino acids (glycine, alanine, proline, serine, lysine, histidine) and 30 of their di- and tri-peptides for which experimental proton transfer rate constants were available. The comparison between the presently determined gas-phase basicities, GBs, of the amino acids with values obtained from equilibrium constant determination is generally good (a mean deviation of appoximately 3 kJ mol(-1) is observed). Derived proton affinities values are discussed. The gas-phase basicities of peptides provided by the present study correct several previously estimated values thus offering a more firm basis for structural discussion. Composite reaction efficiency curves indicate the existence, for several peptides, of at least two non-interconverting populations of protonated forms.

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