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J Clin Psychiatry. 2003 Jul;64(7):807-13.

Citalopram in the treatment of binge-eating disorder: a placebo-controlled trial.

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  • 1Division of Psychopharmacology Research and Eating Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0559, USA. susan.mcelroy@uc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Binge-eating disorder is a newly recognized eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating without compensatory weight loss behaviors. It commonly co-occurs with depressive disorders and obesity. Citalopram is a highly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of citalopram in the treatment of binge-eating disorder.

METHOD:

Thirty-eight outpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of binge-eating disorder were enrolled in the study between August 2000 and July 2001 and were randomly assigned to receive either citalopram (N = 19) or placebo (N = 19) in a 6-week, double-blind, flexible-dose (20-60 mg/day) study. The primary measure of efficacy was frequency of binge-eating episodes. Secondary measures included frequency of binge days, body mass index (BMI), weight, Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness scale scores, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale Modified for Binge Eating (YBOCS-BE) scores, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) scores, and response categories. The outcome measures were analyzed using 2 random regression methods, with a time trend analysis (primary analysis) and an endpoint analysis. In addition, response categories were analyzed using an exact trend test.

RESULTS:

Compared with placebo-treated subjects, subjects receiving citalopram (mean dose of 57.9 mg/day) had a significantly greater rate of reduction in frequency of binge eating (p =.003), frequency of binge days (p <.001), BMI (p <.001), weight (p <.001), severity of illness (p =.028), and YBOCS-BE score (p =.007) and a marginally significant rate of reduction in HAM-D score (p =.053). Differences between groups in response categories were marginally significant (p =.068 for intent-to-treat analysis).

CONCLUSION:

In a 6-week, placebo-controlled, flexible-dose trial, citalopram was efficacious in reducing binge-eating frequency, weight, and severity of illness and was generally well tolerated in subjects with binge-eating disorder.

PMID:
12934982
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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