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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Aug 20;42(4):661-7.

Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Pl(A2)/Pl(A2) homozygosity associated with risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction in young men: the Copenhagen City Heart Study.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We tested the hypothesis that platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa Pl(A2)/Pl(A2) homozygotes or Pl(A1)/Pl(A2) heterozygotes versus Pl(A1)/Pl(A1) noncarriers have increased risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction (MI), stratified for age and gender.

BACKGROUND:

The GP IIb/IIIa Pl(A1)/Pl(A2) polymorphism influences aggregation of platelets; however, an association between ischemic cardiovascular disease and heterozygosity remains controversial, and association with homozygosity is largely unexplored.

METHODS:

We genotyped the participants of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, a prospective cardiovascular investigation of the Danish general population (n = 9,149, 22-year follow-up) and assessed the risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease in heterozygotes or homozygotes versus noncarriers.

RESULTS:

Of the participants, 70.0%, 27.3%, and 2.7% were noncarriers, heterozygotes, or homozygotes, respectively. Incidence of ischemic cardiovascular disease was 167 and 103 per 10,000 person-years in homozygous and noncarrier men (log-rank: p = 0.006), whereas this difference was not observed in women (p = 0.33) (genotype.gender interaction: p = 0.03). In homozygous versus noncarrier men <40 years of age, 40 to 50 years, and >50 years at entry, age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) of ischemic cardiovascular disease were 3.6 (1.4 to 9.0), 2.4 (1.3 to 4.6), and 1.0 (0.6 to 1.8), respectively (age.genotype interaction in men: p = 0.04); equivalent multifactorially adjusted RRs were 3.0 (1.1 to 8.0), 2.0 (1.0 to 3.9), and 1.0 (0.6 to 1.8), respectively. The corresponding age-adjusted RR values of MI in men were 5.2 (1.5 to 18), 3.5 (1.6 to 7.5), and 0.5 (0.1 to 1.5), respectively (age.genotype interaction in men: p = 0.002); equivalent multifactorially adjusted RRs were 3.8 (1.0 to 15), 3.1 (1.4 to 6.9), and 0.5 (0.2 to 1.5), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pl(A2)/Pl(A2) homozygosity is associated with a three-fold and four-fold risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease and MI in young men.

PMID:
12932598
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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