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J Chromatogr A. 2003 Jul 25;1007(1-2):55-66.

Aprotinin conformational distributions during reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Analysis by hydrogen-exchange mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, 102 Engineers' Way, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4741, USA.


Hydrogen-exchange mass spectrometry analysis of the stable protein aprotinin during reversed-phase liquid chromatography shows both native and unfolded protein. The behavior is consistent with only two conformational states, a near-native state and a fully solvent-accessible state, with reversible interchange of species within and between the mobile and stationary phases. The amount of unfolded form is greater on C18 relative to C4 alkyl modified silica surfaces. The addition of (NH4)2SO4, Na2SO4, NaCl, or NaSCN to the mobile phase stabilized native conformation on the chromatographic surface, especially on the C4 media. Finally, the retention and the proportion of denatured form increases with added salts in anorder consistent with the lyotropic series, but reversed from that observed for small molecules.

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