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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Aug;84(8):1109-17.

The effects of balance training and high-intensity resistance training on persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.

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  • 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess immediate and near-term effects of 2 exercise training programs for persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD).

DESIGN:

Randomized control trial.

SETTING:

Public health facility and medical center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Fifteen persons with IPD.

INTERVENTION:

Combined group (balance and resistance training) and balance group (balance training only) underwent 10 weeks of high-intensity resistance training (knee extensors and flexors, ankle plantarflexion) and/or balance training under altered visual and somatosensory sensory conditions, 3 times a week on nonconsecutive days. Groups were assessed before, immediately after training, and 4 weeks later.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Balance was assessed by computerized dynamic posturography, which determined the subject's response to reduced or altered visual and somatosensory orientation cues (Sensory Orientation Test [SOT]). Muscle strength was assessed by measuring the amount of weight a participant could lift, by using a standardized weight-and-pulley system, during a 4-repetition-maximum test of knee extension, knee flexion, and ankle plantarflexion.

RESULTS:

Both types of training improved SOT performance. This effect was larger in the combined group. Both groups could balance longer before falling, and this effect persisted for at least 4 weeks. Muscle strength increased marginally in the balance group and substantially in the combined group, and this effect persisted for at least 4 weeks.

CONCLUSION:

Muscle strength and balance can be improved in persons with IPD by high-intensity resistance training and balance training.

PMID:
12917847
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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