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J Biol Chem. 2003 Nov 14;278(46):46094-106. Epub 2003 Aug 12.

F-actin and myosin II binding domains in supervillin.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA.


Detergent-resistant membranes contain signaling and integral membrane proteins that organize cholesterol-rich domains called lipid rafts. A subset of these detergent-resistant membranes (DRM-H) exhibits a higher buoyant density ( approximately 1.16 g/ml) because of association with membrane skeleton proteins, including actin, myosin II, myosin 1G, fodrin, and an actin- and membrane-binding protein called supervillin (Nebl, T., Pestonjamasp, K. N., Leszyk, J. D., Crowley, J. L., Oh, S. W., and Luna, E. J. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 43399-43409). To characterize interactions among DRM-H cytoskeletal proteins, we investigated the binding partners of the novel supervillin N terminus, specifically amino acids 1-830. We find that the supervillin N terminus binds directly to myosin II, as well as to F-actin. Three F-actin-binding sites were mapped to sequences within amino acids approximately 280-342, approximately 344-422, and approximately 700-830. Sequences with combinations of these sites promote F-actin cross-linking and/or bundling. Supervillin amino acids 1-174 specifically interact with the S2 domain in chicken gizzard myosin and nonmuscle myosin IIA (MYH-9) but exhibit little binding to skeletal muscle myosin II. Direct or indirect binding to filamin also was observed. Overexpression of supervillin amino acids 1-174 in COS7 cells disrupted the localization of myosin IIB without obviously affecting actin filaments. Taken together, these results suggest that supervillin may mediate actin and myosin II filament organization at cholesterol-rich membrane domains.

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