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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Aug;85(2):348-62.

Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305-2130, USA. james@psych.stanford.edu

Abstract

Five studies tested two general hypotheses: Individuals differ in their use of emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal and suppression, and these individual differences have implications for affect, well-being, and social relationships. Study 1 presents new measures of the habitual use of reappraisal and suppression. Study 2 examines convergent and discriminant validity. Study 3 shows that reappraisers experience and express greater positive emotion and lesser negative emotion, whereas suppressors experience and express lesser positive emotion, yet experience greater negative emotion. Study 4 indicates that using reappraisal is associated with better interpersonal functioning, whereas using suppression is associated with worse interpersonal functioning. Study 5 shows that using reappraisal is related positively to well-being, whereas using suppression is related negatively.

PMID:
12916575
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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