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Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Aug;102(2):294-300.

Anticardiolipin and anti-beta2-glycoprotein-I antibodies in preeclampsia.

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  • 1Phoenix Perinatal Associates, Obstetrix Medical Group, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate whether antiphospholipid antibodies, specifically anticardiolipin and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein-I antibodies, are associated with preeclampsia.

METHODS:

Plasma was prospectively obtained from four groups of pregnant women: those with 1) mild preeclampsia (n = 109); 2) severe preeclampsia (n = 134); 3) hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome (n = 57); and 4) normotensive controls (n = 100). Anticardiolipin and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein-I levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay.

RESULTS:

Subjects with mild preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia, and HELLP syndrome did not have significantly elevated levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM anticardiolipin and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein-I antibodies compared with normotensive controls (P >.05, Kruskal-Wallis). Similarly, subjects with mild preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia, and HELLP syndrome did not have a significantly higher proportion of women testing positive for each autoantibody compared with normotensive controls (chi(2)). The proportion of patients testing positive for anticardiolipin and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein-I antibodies were similar in patients with preeclampsia developing before and after 34 weeks' gestation (chi(2)).

CONCLUSION:

Circulating levels of both anticardiolipin and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein-I antibodies were not increased in patients with mild preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia, or HELLP syndrome compared with normotensive controls. Our data do not support routine testing for anticardiolipin and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein-I antibodies in women with preeclampsia.

PMID:
12907102
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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