Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Med. 2003 Aug;9(8):1003-8.

Attacking pain at its source: new perspectives on opioids.

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Anaesthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Freie Universität Berlin, Klinikum Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200 Berlin, Germany. christoph.stein@medizin.fu-berlin.de


The treatment of severe pain with opioids has thus far been limited by their unwanted central side effects. Recent research promises new approaches, including opioid analgesics acting outside the central nervous system, targeting of opioid peptide-containing immune cells to peripheral damaged tissue, and gene transfer to enhance opioid production at sites of injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk