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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2003 Aug 15;416(2):209-17.

Two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon o-quinone reductases from a pyrene-degrading Mycobacterium.

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  • 1National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. FDA, 3900 NCTR Rd., Jefferson, AR 72079-9502, USA.


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) o-quinone reductase (PQR) plays a crucial role in the detoxification of PAH o-quinones by reducing them to catechols. Two constitutive PQRs were found in cell extracts of a pyrene-degrading Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR100. The enzymes had an activity towards 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (PQ) and/or 4,5-pyrenequinone (PyQ), and the relative amounts varied with the pH of the culture media. PQR1, containing an FAD cofactor, was a monomer (20.1 kDa), and PQR2, with no flavin cofactor, was a homodimer (26.5 kDa subunits). There was no homology between the N-terminal sequences of PQR1 and PQR2. Dicumarol and quercetin inhibited PQR2 more strongly than PQR1. PQR1 had much lower specificity constants (k(cat)/K(m), 10(5)M(-1)s(-1)) for menadione (0.80) and PQ (5.19) than PQR2 (13.9 for menadione and 176 for PQ). Additionally, PQR2 exhibited a broad substrate specificity with high specificity constants for 1,4-naphthalenequinone, 1,2-naphthalenequinone, and PyQ.

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