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J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 10;278(41):39931-40. Epub 2003 Jul 29.

Involvement of phospholipase D2 in lysophosphatidate-induced transactivation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta in human bronchial epithelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA.

Abstract

Lysophosphatidate (LPA) mediates multiple cellular responses via heterotrimeric G protein coupled LPA-1, LPA-2, and LPA-3 receptors. Many G protein-coupled receptors stimulate ERK following tyrosine phosphorylation of growth factor receptors; however, the mechanism(s) of transactivation of receptor tyrosine kinases are not well defined. Here, we provide evidence for the involvement of phospholipase D (PLD) in LPA-mediated transactivation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGF-R beta). In primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEpCs), LPA stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF-R beta and threonine/tyrosine phosphorylation of ERK1/2. The LPA-mediated activation of ERK and tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF-R beta was attenuated by tyrphostin AG 1296, an inhibitor of PDGF-R kinase, suggesting transactivation of PDGF-R by LPA. Furthermore, LPA-, but not PDGF beta-chain homodimer-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF-R beta was partially blocked by pertussis toxin, indicating coupling of LPA-R(s) to Gi. Exposure of HBEpCs to LPA activated PLD. Butan-1-ol, which acts as an acceptor of phosphatidate generated by the PLD pathway, blocked LPA-mediated transactivation of PDGF-R beta. This effect was not seen with butan-3-ol, suggesting PLD involvement. The role of PLD1 and PLD2 in the PDGF-R beta transactivation by LPA was investigated by infection of cells with adenoviral constructs of wild type and catalytically inactive mutants of PLD. LPA activated both PLD1 and PLD2 in HBEpCs; however, infection of cells with cDNA for wild type PLD2, but not PLD1, increased the tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF-R beta in response to LPA. Also, the LPA-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF-R beta was attenuated by the catalytically inactive mutant mPLD2-K758R. Infection of HBEpCs with adenoviral constructs of wild type hPLD1, mPLD2, and the inactive mutants of hPLD1 and mPLD2 resulted in association of PLD2 wild type and inactive mutant proteins with the PDGF-R beta compared with PLD1. These results show for the first time that transactivation of PDGF-R beta by LPA in HBEpCs is regulated by PLD2.

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