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Lancet. 2003 Jul 19;362(9379):212-4.

Are imprecise methods obscuring a relation between fat and breast cancer?

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  • 1MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Welcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, CB2 2XY, Cambridge, UK. sab@mrc-dunn.cam.ac.uk <sab@mrc-dunn.cam.ac.uk>

Abstract

Pooled analyses of cohort studies show no relation between fat intake and breast-cancer risk. However, food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) methods used in these studies are prone to measurement error. We assessed diet with an FFQ and a detailed 7-day food diary in 13070 women between 1993 and 1997. We compared 168 breast-cancer cases incident by 2000 with four matched controls. Risk of breast cancer was associated with saturated-fat intake measured with the food diary (hazard ratio 1.22 [95% CI 1.06-1.40], p=0.005, per quintile increase in energy-adjusted fat intake), but not with saturated fat measured with the FFQ (1.10 [0.94-1.29], p=0.23). Dietary measurement error might explain the absence of a significant association between dietary fat and breast-cancer risk in cohort studies.

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PMID:
12885485
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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