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Genet Test. 2003 Summer;7(2):163-8.

Molecular genetic testing of beta-thalassemia patients of Indian origin and a novel 8-bp deletion mutation at codons 36/37/38/39.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow-226014, India.

Abstract

Hemoglobinopathies are the most commonly inherited genetic disorders in India. Certain communities in India have a high predisposition to beta-thalassemia. To offer prenatal diagnosis and to prevent the birth of an affected child, mutation testing in clinically diagnosed beta-thalassemia patients/carriers is a prerequisite. Over a period of 4 years, we have conducted DNA analysis in 385 carriers for 15 beta-thalassemia mutations, HbD, HbE, and HbS. Using reverse dot blot (RDB) and amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS), we have been able to identify mutations in 381 of 385 thalassemia chromosomes. The study included the analysis of five common mutations found in Asian Indians, namely IVS1-5 (G-C), 619-bp deletion, IVS1-1 (G-T), and the frameshifts at CD8/9(+G) and CD41/42(-CTTT). The occurrence of these five mutations was seen in 299 (91.2%) carriers referred to us, the percentage of mutations varying between 4.0 and 68.9%. We also found Cd16 (-C) in 2.1%, CD30 (G-C) in 1.5%, and CD 15(G-A) in 0.6%; these are considered common mutations in the Indian population, as well. The beta-thalassemia anomaly in 4 (0.6%) carriers remained uncharacterized by RDB and ARMS analysis. During delineation of the mutations in uncharacterized carriers by single-stranded conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and sequencing analysis, we have also been able to identify two unusual mutations, one involving an initiation codon and the second involving a novel 8-bp deletion, in Indian families of Uttar Pradesh origin.

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