Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pflugers Arch. 2004 Feb;447(5):666-76. Epub 2003 Jul 19.

The SLC22 drug transporter family.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Bayerische Maximilians Universität Würzburg, Koellikerstr. 6, 97070, Würzburg, Germany. Hermann@Koepsell.de

Abstract

The SLC22 family comprises organic cation transporters (OCTs), zwitterion/cation transporters (OCTNs), and organic anion transporters (OATs). These transporters contain 12 predicted alpha-helical transmembrane domains (TMDs) and one large extracellular loop between TMDs 1 and 2. Transporters of the SLC22 family function in different ways: (1) as uniporters that mediate facilitated diffusion in either direction (OCTs), (2) as anion exchangers (OAT1, OAT3 and URAT1), and (3) as Na(+)/ l-carnitine cotransporter (OCTN2). They participate in the absorption and/or excretion of drugs, xenobiotics, and endogenous compounds in intestine, liver and/or kidney, and perform homeostatic functions in brain and heart. The endogenous substrates include monoamine neurotransmitters, choline, l-carnitine, alpha-ketoglutarate, cAMP, cGMP, prostaglandins, and urate. Defect mutations of transporters of the SLC22 family may cause specific diseases such as "primary systemic carnitine deficiency" or "idiopathic renal hypouricemia" or change drug absorption or excretion.

PMID:
12883891
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk