Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Chem. 2003 Aug;49(8):1331-6.

Plasma 99th percentile reference limits for cardiac troponin and creatine kinase MB mass for use with European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology consensus recommendations.

Author information

  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Hennepin County Medical Center and the University of Minnesota School of Medicine, 701 Park Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA. fred.apple@co.hennepin.mn.us

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology (ESC/ACC) consensus document for definition of myocardial infarction (MI) is predicated on increased cardiac troponin or creatine kinase (CK) MB mass above the 99th percentile reference limit. The purpose of this study was to determine the plasma (heparin) 99th percentile reference limits for the leading in vitro diagnostic cardiac troponin and CKMB mass assays.

METHODS:

Blood (heparin plasma) was obtained from healthy adults (n = 696; age range, 18-84 years) stratified by gender and ethnicity. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and T (cTnT) and CKMB mass concentrations were measured by eight assays. Reference limits were determined by nonparametric statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

Two cTnI assays demonstrated at least a 1.2- to 2.5-fold higher 99th percentile for males vs females, with the mean concentrations significantly higher for males (P <0.05). Two cTnI assays also demonstrated a 1.1- to 2.8-fold higher 99th percentile for blacks vs Caucasians, with the mean concentrations significantly higher for blacks (P = 0.05). There was a 13-fold variance between the lowest measured 99th percentile (0.06 microg/L) and the highest (0.8 microg/L). All CKMB assays demonstrated a 1.2- to 2.6-fold higher 99th percentile for males vs females, with mean concentrations significantly higher for males (P <0.0001). Four CKMB assays also showed significantly higher (1.2- to 2.7-fold) mean concentrations for blacks (P <0.02) vs Caucasians.

CONCLUSIONS:

The heparin-plasma 99th percentile reference limits for cardiac troponin and CKMB mass provide an evidence base in support of the ESC, ACC, and American Heart Association guidelines for detection of myocardial injury. Selective gender and ethnic differences were demonstrated. These data allow clinicians, trialists, and epidemiologists a common point for operational use.

Comment in

PMID:
12881449
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk