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Blood. 2003 Nov 15;102(10):3584-6. Epub 2003 Jul 24.

Recombinant humanized anti-IL-2 receptor antibody (daclizumab) produces responses in patients with moderate aplastic anemia.

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  • 1Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Abstract

In contrast to severe aplastic anemia (sAA), the appropriate management of patients with moderate pancytopenia is unclear. In this study, we examined the efficacy of a humanized monoclonal antibody recognizing interleukin-2 receptor (daclizumab), which has proven to be a successful immunosuppressive agent in solid organ and bone marrow transplantation. We treated 17 patients with moderate aplastic anemia (mAA) with 1 mg/kg every 2 weeks for 3 months. mAA was defined as depression of 2 of the 3 blood counts: absolute neutrophil count 1200/mm3 or less, platelet count 70,000/mm3 or less, hemoglobin level 8.5 g/dL or lower, and absolute reticulocyte count 60,000/mm3 or less. The primary end point of our protocol was a hematologic response in at least one affected peripheral blood value. Daclizumab had little toxicity. Six of the 16 (38%) evaluable patients responded to treatment. Two patients with previously chronic disease showed complete return of normal counts, which were sustained for more than 2 years following treatment. Four patients had single-lineage responses. Two previously transfusion-dependent patients became transfusion independent; one patient with many neutropenia-related infections had a normal neutrophil count following treatment. Daclizumab appears safe; its efficacy in this pilot protocol suggests that expanded study of this monoclonal antibody in immune-mediated bone marrow failure syndrome is warranted.

PMID:
12881307
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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