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Ann Chir. 2003 Jun;128(5):303-9.

[Spontaneous splenic rupture: report of three new cases and review of the literature].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de chirurgie digestive, hôpital Beaujon (AP-HP), Clichy, 100, boulevard du Général-Leclerc, 92118 cedex, Clichy, France.


This study reports 3 new cases of spontaneous (or atraumatic) splenic rupture of the spleen, including two with massive hemoperitoneum and one with a secondary rupture of splenic infarct, and reviews the literature about this rare disease. These spontaneous ruptures are rare and potentially fatal. They result from infectious diseases (mainly mononucleosis and and paludism) and hematological diseases (mainly malignant hemopathies) in more than 50% of cases. Mortality is close to 20%, and includes some deaths occurring before diagnosis was established and postoperatives deaths, which can result from delayed management and bad general condition of the patients. Splenectomy is usually mandatory. Non-surgical treatment can be indicated only in young and stable patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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