Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Apr;68(4):416-20.

Very high risk of therapeutic failure with chloroquine for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax malaria in Indonesian Papua.

Author information

  • 1United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, American Embassy, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

Chloroquine remains the first-line therapy for uncomplicated malaria in Indonesia. Among a series of trials of chloroquine for malaria on this archipelago conducted since 1990, we now report the highest risk of therapeutic failure yet observed. A clinical trial of standard chloroquine therapy for uncomplicated malaria at Arso PIR V in northeastern Indonesian Papua was conducted during 1995. We enrolled 104 non-immune subjects infected with Plasmodium falciparum (n = 55), P. vivax (n = 29), or P. falciparum plus P. vivax (n = 20) and administered supervised standard chloroquine therapy (10 + 10 + 5 mg/kg at 24-hour intervals). The 28-day cumulative incidence of therapeutic failure was 95% for P. falciparum, 84% for P. vivax, and 100% for mixed infections. Only one subject each for P. falciparum and P. vivax remained free of parasites at day 28. All recurrent parasitemias occurred with whole blood levels of chloroquine plus desethylchloroquine exceeding 100 ng/ml. These findings document almost complete failure of chloroquine against P. falciparum or P. vivax near the northeastern coast of Indonesian Papua.

PMID:
12875290
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Medical

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk