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J Hepatol. 2003 Aug;39(2):245-52.

Effects of the CCR5-Delta32 mutation on antiviral treatment in chronic hepatitis C.

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  • 1Medizinische Klinik u. Poliklinik I, -Allgemeine Innere Medizin-, Universität Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Strasse 25, D-53105, Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

The CC-chemokine receptor (CCR) 5-Delta32 mutation may predispose to chronic liver disease and high level viremia in hepatitis C. However, it is unclear whether CCR5-Delta32 also affects the response to antiviral treatment.

METHODS:

We determined CCR5 genotypes in patients with hepatitis C treated with either interferon-alpha (N=78) or interferon and ribavirin (N=78). In each group, rates of end of treatment responses (ETRs) and sustained virological responses (SVRs) were compared between CCR5-Delta32 carriers and homozygous CCR5 wildtype patients.

RESULTS:

ETR and SVR were achieved in 25 and 12 patients with interferon-alpha and in 52 and 45 patients with interferon/ribavirin treatment, respectively. CCR5-Delta32 carriers had significantly lower ETR rates than homozygous CCR5 wildtype patients (10.5 vs. 39.0%; P=0.02), whereas SVR rates only showed a non-significant trend (5.3 vs. 18.6%). Multivariate analysis confirmed CCR5-Delta32 carriage as an independent negative predictor for ETR in interferon-alpha monotherapy (odds ratio: 0.16; 95% confidence limits: 0.032-0.82; P=0.03). In interferon/ribavirin treated patients CCR-Delta32 carriers and CCR5 wildtype patients had similar ETR rates [19.2% vs. 23.1%] and SVR rates [20.0% vs. 21.2%].

CONCLUSIONS:

Response rates to interferon-alpha monotherapy are reduced in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients carrying the CCR5-Delta32 mutation. However, interferon/ribavirin combination treatment may overcome this negative effect of CCR5-Delta32.

PMID:
12873822
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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