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J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 10;278(41):39993-9. Epub 2003 Jul 19.

Structure of an integrin-ligand complex deduced from solution x-ray scattering and site-directed mutagenesis.

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  • 1Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell-Matrix Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom. paul.mould@man.ac.uk

Abstract

The structural basis of the interaction of integrin heterodimers with their physiological ligands is poorly understood. We have used solution x-ray scattering to visualize the head region of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 in an inactive (Ca2+-occupied) state, and in complex with a fragment of fibronectin containing the RGD and synergy recognition sequences. Shape reconstructions of the data have been interpreted in terms of appropriate molecular models. The scattering data suggest that the head region undergoes no gross conformational changes upon ligand binding but do lend support to a proposed outward movement of the hybrid domain in the beta subunit. Fibronectin is observed to bind across the top of the head region, which contains an alpha subunit beta-propeller and a beta subunit vWF type A domain. The model of the complex indicates that the synergy region binds on the side of the beta-propeller domain. In support of this suggestion, mutagenesis of a prominent loop region on the side of the propeller identifies two residues (Tyr208 and Ile210) involved in recognition of the synergy region. Our data provide the first view of a complex between an integrin and a macromolecular ligand in solution, at a nominal resolution of approximately 10 A.

PMID:
12871973
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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