Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neuroimmunol. 2003 Jul;140(1-2):143-52.

Treatment and prevention of experimental autoimmune neuritis with superagonistic CD28-specific monoclonal antibodies.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Würzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 11, D-97080, Würzburg, Germany.

Abstract

Two distinct CD28-specific mAb were used in treatment of active or adoptive transfer (AT)-experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN): "superagonistic" JJ316 activates T cells without T cell receptor (TCR) occupancy, and conventional JJ319 activates T cells only in the presence of TCR-stimulation. Treatment with JJ316 during induction phase of active and adoptive-transfer experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (AT-EAN) dramatically reduced disease severity and improved nerve function as revealed by electrophysiology. JJ316 given 1 week before immunization had a preventive effect. By immunohistology, JJ316 markedly reduced TC infiltration of the sciatic nerve in active and AT-EAN. JJ319 was less effective. Ex vivo, JJ316 therapy reduced P2-specific proliferation and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production of lymph node cells. We demonstrate preventive and therapeutic effects of a "superagonistic" mAb-mediated, TCR-independent CD28 stimulation in EAN, possibly with implications for therapy of autoimmune-inflammatory disorders.

PMID:
12864982
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk