Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2003 Sep 12;278(37):35725-31. Epub 2003 Jul 9.

Liver receptor homolog 1 controls the expression of carboxyl ester lipase.

Author information

  • 1Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), CNRS/INSERM/Université Louis Pasteur, B.P. 10142, F-67404 Illkirch, C.U. de Strasbourg, France.


The orphan nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1) plays a central role in cholesterol homeostasis by regulating a number of hepatic and intestinal genes critical for reverse cholesterol transport and bile acid homeostasis. Herein, we describe the identification of carboxyl ester lipase (CEL) as a novel target of LRH-1 in pancreas, a tissue in which LRH-1 is abundantly expressed. In situ hybridization and gene expression studies demonstrate that both LRH-1 and CEL are co-expressed and confined to the exocrine pancreas. LRH-1 interacts with a consensus LRH-1 response element in the human CEL promoter, which is perfectly conserved in the rat gene, and induces CEL promoter activity in cotransfection assays. As reported for other LRH-1 target genes, the nuclear receptor short heterodimer partner represses LRH-1-induced CEL promoter activity. Chromatin immunoprecipitation demonstrates that binding of LRH-1 to the CEL promoter increases histone H4 acetylation corresponding with the activation of endogenous CEL gene transcription. Our data, identifying CEL as the first pancreatic LRH-1 target gene, indicate that LRH-1 is an important player in enterohepatic cholesterol homeostasis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk