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Gene. 2003 Jun 5;311:51-7.

Characterization of genomic structure and polymorphisms in the human carbamyl phosphate synthetase I gene.

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  • 1Division of Medical Genetics, Vanderbilt University, Medical Center North DD2205, Nashville, TN 37232-2578, USA.


Human carbamyl phosphate synthetase I (CPSI) is an essential hepatic enzyme that initiates the urea cycle. Deficiency of this enzyme usually results in lethal hyperammonemia. CPSI is encoded by the CPSI gene located on chromosome 2q35. In the present study, we report the coding sequence and define the intron-exon structure of the human CPSI gene. These data are compared to the previously defined rat CPSI gene structure. This work was generated from direct sequence determination of human genomic DNA (35 introns) and comparison to public domain sequence of anonymous BACs (2 introns). The human CPSI gene spans >120kb of genomic DNA. CPSI has 38 exons and 37 introns, and all adhere to the consensus splicing sequences. Comparison of the human and rat CPSI genes reveals that the nucleotide sequences, amino acid sequences, and intron-exon organizations are highly similar. We report the primers and conditions for screening the human CPSI exonic and bordering intronic sequences. We also screened 100 individuals for polymorphisms in the human CPSI gene and identified 14 polymorphisms in the CPSI message. The knowledge of the CPSI gene structure and the 14 polymorphisms presented in this study will greatly facilitate future molecular studies involving the CPSI gene and the enzyme it encodes.

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