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J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 1992 Mar-Apr;2(2):73-7.

In vivo effects of OK-432, inosine pranobex and its salt components on macrophage subpopulations in spleen and peritoneum of mice during the primary humoral immune response.

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  • 1Institute of Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen, FRG.


Subsets of macrophages (BM 8-, la- and esterase-positive subtypes) in the spleen and the peritoneum of mice were affected differently by immunomodulators during the humoral immune response. I.p. application of inosine pranobex (INPX), as well as of its salt moiety (DIPPACBA) and its dimethylaminopropanol (DIP) and acetamidobenzoic acid (PACBA) components, increased the number of nonspecific esterase-bearing cells in the peritoneum on day 3. INPX and DIPPACBA stimulated the la+ macrophage on day 3, DIPPACBA the BM 8+ macrophage only on day 1 and DIP on day 5. In spleen, DIP and PACBA had marked effects on the la+ subset in addition to a marginal effect on the BM 8+ phenotype on day 1. DIPPACBA also influenced the BM 8+ macrophage slightly on day 1. In contrast, the microbial product OK-432 stimulated BM 8+ and la+ macrophages in spleen markedly on day 1, but only marginally on days 3 and 5. However, it exerted a strong effect on both subtypes in peritoneum on days 3 and 5. OK-432 was found to be without any influence on esterase-bearing macrophages. The results show that the heterogeneity of macrophages is not only represented by subset markers, but also by their susceptibility to immunomodulators in different organs and stages of the immune response.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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