Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Gastroenterology. 2003 Jul;125(1):70-9.

Anti-HuD-induced neuronal apoptosis underlying paraneoplastic gut dysmotility.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Bologna, Italy. deg@orsola-malpighi.unibo.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

The role of autoimmunity underlying paraneoplastic gut dysmotility remains unsettled. Because anti-Hu antibodies may impair enteric neuronal function, we tested whether anti-HuD-positive sera from patients with paraneoplastic gut dysmotility or commercial anti-HuD antibodies activated the apoptotic cascade in a neuroblastoma cell line and cultured myenteric neurons.

METHODS:

Anti-HuD antibodies from patients with severe paraneoplastic gut dysmotility were characterized by immunofluorescence and immunoblot. SH-Sy5Y neuroblasts and cultured myenteric neurons were exposed to sera containing anti-HuD antibodies or 2 commercial anti-HuD antibodies. Cells were processed for terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL) technique to evaluate apoptosis. Immunofluorescence was used to identify activated caspase-3 and apaf-1, along with microtubule-associated protein 2.

RESULTS:

In SH-Sy5Y cells, the percentage of TUNEL-positive nuclei observed after exposure to anti-HuD-positive sera (32% +/- 7%) or anti-HuD antibodies (23% +/- 2%) was significantly greater than that of control sera or fetal calf serum (P < 0.001). The time-course analysis showed a significantly greater number of apoptotic neuroblastoma cells evoked by the 2 commercial anti-HuD antibodies at 24, 48, and 72 hours versus controls. The number of TUNEL-positive myenteric neurons exposed to anti-HuD antibodies (60% +/- 14%) was significantly greater than that of fetal calf serum (7% +/- 2%; P < 0.001). Apaf-1 and caspase-3 immunolabeling showed intense cytoplasmic staining in a significantly greater proportion of cells exposed to anti-HuD-positive sera or to commercial anti-HuD antibodies compared with controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Anti-HuD antibodies evoked neuronal apoptosis that may contribute to enteric nervous system impairment underlying paraneoplastic gut dysmotility. Apaf-1 activation suggests participation of a mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway.

PMID:
12851872
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk