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Mol Membr Biol. 2003 Apr-Jun;20(2):171-83.

cDNA cloning of 12 subunits of the V-type ATPase from Mesembryanthemum crystallinum and their expression under stress.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of Plants, University of Bielefeld, Germany.


The vacuolar-type ATPase (V-ATPase) and the vacuolar H(+)-pyrophosphatase are electrogenic proton pumps at plant endomembranes that create the proton motive force required for secondary activated transport and metabolite accumulation during development and adaptation to a variety of adverse growth conditions. Twelve distinct vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (VHA) subunits are suggested to constitute the functional V-ATPase complex. Starting from the available expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences and by homology screening, the complete set of 12 VHA subunits was cloned as cDNAs from the halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, vha-A-H, -a,-c, -d and -e. Transcript levels of all 12 VHA subunits as well as of tonoplast pyrophosphatase and P-ATPase were analysed in root and leaf tissue under conditions of osmotic (700 mM mannitol), heat and cold stress, and salinity. Distinct coordinated changes of stress-induced expression were observed for most subunits in roots and leaves, with mostly paralleled changes in transcript levels of all subunits. In some cases, contrasting responses were seen for vha-B and -c transcript amounts.

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