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Crit Care Med. 2003 Jul;31(7):1987-92.

Protective effect of urinary trypsin inhibitor on myocardial mitochondria during hemorrhagic shock and reperfusion.

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  • 1Department of Rehabilitation, School of Allied Helath Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.



To examine the mitochondrial function in the myocardium after hemorrhagic shock and reperfusion and to evaluate the protective effect of urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) on mitochondria.


Animal experiment.


University research laboratory.


Wistar rats receiving 50,000 units/kg/hr of UTI (n = 27; UTI group) and control rats (n = 26; control group).


Rats were subjected to low-perfusion ischemia with the left ventricular systolic pressure maintained at 50 mm Hg for 60 mins by bleeding, followed by a 60-min reperfusion by transfusion of shed blood. UTI was infused continuously from 10 mins before bleeding. Cardiac function was measured before bleeding, after bleeding, and after transfusion; at each determination point, the myocardial contents of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), creatine phosphate (P-Cr), pyruvate (Pyr), and lactate (Lac) were measured enzymatically. The cytosolic phosphorylation potential (PP) as well as the redox potential of the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide couple in mitochondria (Eh(NAD+/NADH)) and change of Gibbs free energy in ATP hydrolysis (deltaG(ATP hydrolysis) energy) were calculated.


Cardiac function decreased during hemorrhagic shock but improved significantly in the UTI group after transfusion compared with the control group. Lac and the Lac/Pyr ratio were significantly lower in the UTI group than in the control group after transfusion. ATP and P-Cr were significantly higher in the UTI group than in the control group after transfusion. PP (x10(3) M-1), Eh(NAD+/NADH) (x - 1 mV), and deltaG(ATP hydrolysis) (x - 1 kcal/mol) were 1.9 +/- 0.4, 266 +/- 4, and 9.7 +/- 0.2, respectively, in the control group and 4.0 +/- 0.9, 274 +/- 5 and 13.0 +/- 0.2, respectively, in the UTI group after transfusion (p <.001, p <.001, and p <.001, respectively).


In reperfusion after hemorrhagic shock, oxidative phosphorylation in myocardial mitochondria is impaired and energy production remains reduced, even after reperfusion. UTI contributed to the recovery of cardiac function after reperfusion, probably by reducing the severity of mitochondrial dysfunction during a state of shock and by maintaining energy production.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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