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J Health Econ. 2003 Jul;22(4):575-98.

Resource allocation for control of infectious diseases in multiple independent populations: beyond cost-effectiveness analysis.

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  • 1Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Terman Building, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.


Traditional cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) assumes that program costs and benefits scale linearly with investment-an unrealistic assumption for epidemic control programs. This paper combines epidemic modeling with optimization techniques to determine the optimal allocation of a limited resource for epidemic control among multiple noninteracting populations. We show that the optimal resource allocation depends on many factors including the size of each population, the state of the epidemic in each population before resources are allocated (e.g. infection prevalence and incidence), the length of the time horizon, and prevention program characteristics. We establish conditions that characterize the optimal solution in certain cases.

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