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Cas Lek Cesk. 2003;142(4):229-34.

[Disorders of parathyroid function in patients on regular dialysis therapy and after kidney transplantation].

[Article in Czech]

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  • 1Klinika nefrologie IKEM, Praha.



Parathyroids dysfunction is a key disorder in the spectrum of renal osteopathy, occurring after renal transplantation and, occasionally, after parathyroidectomy. In our subjects, dysfunction is understood as plus or minus activity.


Parathyroidectomy as the primary procedure was performed in 179 patients for all types of hyperparathyrodism. In 70% of cases the secondary hyperparathyroidism was treated, believed to be the most severe condition. Present assessment was focused on postoperative parathyroid hormone levels (pg/ml) in three groups of patients (n = 92). Group 1 with parathyroid gland autoimplants following total parathyroidectomy; Group 2 after partial or subtotal surgery; Group 3 after autologous implantation of cryopreserved parathyroid glands in severe hypoparathyroidism. Group 1 (32 dialysis and 9 non-dialysed patients): 228.9 vs 85.9 pg/ml; ns; hypofunction in 50% and in 33% respectively, afunction in 12.5% of dialysed patients, in non-dialysed patients it was not detected. Group 2 (25 dialysis and 24 non-dialysed patients): 603.3 vs 169.8 (pg/ml); p = 0.01; hypofunction in 16% and in 8% respectively, afunction was not detected. Complete groups 1 and 2 of patients: 197.5 vs 382.3 pg/ml (p = 0.0016). Dialysed patients in Group 1 and 2: 228.9 vs 603.3 pg/ml (p = 0.007); non-dialysed patients: 85.9 vs 169.8 pg/ml; ns. Group 3 (15 dialysed patients): 63.0; hypofunction and afunction in 40%. This group (63.0 pg/ml) vs Groups 1 and 2 of dialysed patients (p = 0.031 and 0.0004), respectively. Basic laboratory findings before operations of tertiary hyperparathyroidism were shown.


After total parathyroidectomy with parathyroids autoimplantation, parathyroid hormone is acceptable to dialysis and non-dialysis patients. Partial parathyroidectomy prevents development of hypoparathyroidism. It is associated, however, with a risk because of hyperparathyrodism recurrence. Cryopreserved autologous parathyroids reach lower parathyroid levels compared with "fresh" parathyroid tissue autoimplants. Parathyroidectomy after successful renal transplantation may be indicated.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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