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Cancer Res. 2003 Jul 1;63(13):3775-82.

A specific splicing variant of SVH, a novel human armadillo repeat protein, is up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinomas.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200031 Shanghai, China.


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors with poor prognosis. By representational difference analysis (RDA), a novel human gene designated SVH, up-regulated in the clinical HCC sample, was identified. The deduced SVH protein consisted of 343 amino acids with a transmembrane domain and an armadillo repeat. Northern blot revealed that SVH was expressed in most human adult tissues. Four variants of SVH, SVH-A, -B, -C, and -D, resulting from alternative splicing in the coding region of the SVH transcript, were observed and were all localized in endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Up-regulation of SVH-B, but not the other variants, was evident in about 60% (28 of 46) of HCC samples, detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Human liver cell line QSG-7701, transfected with SVH-B, acquired an accelerated growth rate and tumorigenicity in nude mice, whereas inhibition of SVH-B in hepatoma cell line BEL-7404, using antisense oligodeoxynucleotides, induced apoptosis. It is suggested that the splicing variants of SVH have distinct biological functions, and SVH-B may play an important role in hepatocarcinogenesis.

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