Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 10;278(41):40330-6. Epub 2003 Jun 30.

Sphingosine kinase type 2 is a putative BH3-only protein that induces apoptosis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0614, USA.

Abstract

There are two isoforms of sphingosine kinase (SphK) that catalyze the formation of sphingosine 1-phosphate, a potent sphingolipid mediator. Whereas SphK1 stimulates growth and survival, here we show that SphK2 enhanced apoptosis in diverse cell types and also suppressed cellular proliferation. Apoptosis was preceded by cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-3. SphK2-induced apoptosis was independent of activation of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors. Sequence analysis revealed that SphK2 contains a 9-amino acid motif similar to that present in BH3-only proteins, a pro-apoptotic subgroup of the Bcl-2 family. As with other BH3-only proteins, co-immunoprecipitation demonstrated that SphK2 interacted with Bcl-xL. Moreover, site-directed mutation of Leu-219, the conserved leucine residue present in all BH3 domains, markedly suppressed SphK2-induced apoptosis. Hence, the apoptotic effect of SphK2 might be because of its putative BH3 domain.

PMID:
12835323
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk