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Am J Public Health. 2003 Jul;93(7):1128-31.

Injury hospitalization and risks for subsequent self-injury and suicide: a national study from New Zealand.

Author information

  • 1University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. kenneth_connor@urmc.rochester.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Risks for suicide and nonfatal self-injury hospitalizations associated with previous injury hospitalizations were investigated in a nationwide retrospective cohort study conducted in New Zealand.

METHODS:

Linked data from all New Zealand public hospitals were used to identify individuals with injury hospitalizations. Participants were followed for 12 months.

RESULTS:

Significantly increased age- and sex-adjusted relative risks for suicide were associated with previous hospitalization for self-injury, injuries of undetermined causes, and assault. Also, elevated risks were associated with these causes of hospitalization in the case of subsequent self-injury hospitalizations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results indicate that identifiable subgroups of individuals hospitalized for injuries are at marked risk for serious suicidal behavior and suggest the potential of targeted suicide prevention for these individuals.

PMID:
12835197
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1447921
Free PMC Article
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