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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2003 Jul 15;37(2-3):173-7.

Identification of the domains of the fibronectin-binding protein I of Streptococcus pyogenes responsible for adjuvanticity.

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  • 1Vaccine Research Group, Division of Microbiology, GBF-German Research Centre for Biotechnology, Mascheroder Weg 1, D-38124, Braunschweig, Germany.


Intranasal administration of antigens coupled to full-length fibronectin-binding protein I (SfbI) of Streptococcus pyogenes results in the elicitation of improved humoral and cellular immune responses, at both systemic and mucosal levels. We want to evaluate if SfbI also exhibits adjuvant properties when co-administered with the antigen, as well as identify the minimal domain responsible for its adjuvanticity. To achieve this aim, mice were immunized by the intranasal route with the model antigen beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) co-administered with recombinant proteins spanning different portions of the SfbI protein. The obtained results demonstrated that the adjuvant properties of SfbI were maintained intact when admixed to the model antigen. Similar kinetics and absolute titers of beta-gal-specific IgG antibodies as well as a dominant IgG(1) isotype response pattern were observed using SfbI derivatives spanning either the aromatic and proline-rich (H10) or the fibronectin-binding (H12) domains, respectively. The use of all tested derivatives also stimulated the elicitation of efficient beta-gal-specific IgA responses in lung lavages (23-25% of the total IgA). The obtained results suggest that different sub-domains of the SfbI protein can be used as adjuvants for the development of mucosal vaccines.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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