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Blood. 2003 Oct 15;102(8):2756-62. Epub 2003 Jun 26.

Outcome heterogeneity in childhood high-hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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  • 1Leukaemia Research Fund Cytogenetics Group, Cancer Sciences Division, University of Southampton, MP 822, Duthie Bldg, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, United Kingdom. avm@soton.ac.uk

Abstract

High hyperdiploidy (HeH) (51 to 65 chromosomes) is found in one third of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and is associated with a good prognosis. Cytogenetic features may further refine this prognosis and identify patients with a poor outcome. We examined the effect of sex, age, individual trisomies, modal number, and structural abnormalities on survival among 700 children with HeH. Univariate analysis showed that age. sex, +4, +10, +18, and a high modal number were associated with survival. Multivariate analysis however, revealed that only age, sex, +4, and +18 were independent indicators. Hazard scores for predicting relapse and mortality were constructed. Three risk groups with 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rates of 86%, 75%, and 50% (P <.0001) were identified. The high-risk group comprised boys older than 9 years, boys aged 1 through 9 years without +18, and girls older than 9 years without +18, while girls aged 1 through 9 years with +18 had the best EFS. In terms of mortality, those younger than age 10 years with both +4 and +18 had an improved survival (96% vs 84% at 5 years, P <.0001). These findings confirm that the outcome of children with HeH is heterogeneous and that specific trisomies can identify patients with the greatest and least risk of treatment failure.

PMID:
12829593
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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